A - It’s the size of the cigar usually meaning over 8” long in length.
Band – A paper ring around the cigar mostly 1” down from the end of the cigar. The labels on the cigar usually tell a story about where the cigar is from and are often printed displaying works of art, brand names, size, country of origin, and some of the newer labels today have a serial number on them so companies can detect counterfeiters.
Barrel - The middle of the cigar.
Belicoso – Traditionally smaller than a torpedo sized cigar, but often bigger and fatter in ring gauge, and most Belicoso cigars have a round tapered end to the cigar. Typically the belicoso cigar will be 5.5” or shorter in length with a rig gauge of 52 or less.
Binder – The tobacco leaf that holds the filler of the cigar together which is a main component of the cigar. The binder is the tobacco leaf under the wrapper.
Blend – The different mixes of tobacco that makes up the cigar. Most cigars have 5 or more different kinds of tobaccos from various countries.
Boite Nature – Basically the empty cigar box which the cigars come in.
Book Style – Is a cigar rolling method which cigar makers put layers of tobacco fillers on top of each other then roll them up. Book Style rolling or Booking is common in most cigar factories these days.
Bouquet – Basically it means the smell of the cigar. A badly stored cigar will have a bad Bouquet fragrance to it.
Box – If you don’t know what a box is then you should go back to the 2nd grade. Box is usually a wooden box that the cigars come in.
Box-pressed – Is the type of style that the cigar is made. All boxed pressed cigars have flat edges on the outside of a cigar sort of like a rectangle appearance.
Bullet - A cigar cutter that puts a hole on the end of the cigar instead of traditionally cutting off the end of the cigar before smoking it.
Bunch – Is different types of tobaccos used for the filler of the cigar. The bunch is held together by the binder then the Binder is wrapped by the outside wrapper.
Bundle – Is usually the cheap cigars that are wrapped by cellophane, or a ribbon. The bundle cigars are economical and less expensive cigars that are found in most cigar stores.
Bulks – Are piles of tobacco that is starting the fermentation process in a cigar factory. The bulks can be up to 5 feet tall and are all carefully monitor for quality control. This is one of the first steps in picking and choosing fine tobacco.
Cabinet Selection – This means cigars that are packed in Spanish Cedar wooden boxes that are properly aged to perfection, and are the most preferable cigars to smoke when done aging.
Candela – Is a bright green tobacco that is not aged like other types of tobacco wrappers. This type of wrapper is not used much in the cigar industry because it is an acquired unique taste.
Cap – A piece of tobacco that seals the head of the cigar, usually in a circular dimension, some cigars has double and triple caps.
Capa – The Capa is the wrapper on the cigar.
Case – The production in the process of making cigars a workers case is slightly moisten so that the workers can easily roll the tobacco with out damaging the tobacco leaves.
Catador – The person who tries and tastes the final product in the cigar factory, and these Catador’s determine the quality and taste of the cigar.
Chaveta – The knife that is used to cut the tobacco when rolling a cigar these knives are half moon shaped and are hand held.
Churchill – The size of a cigar usually 7 x 50 in size which is the standard Churchill size for a cigar.
Claro – Often called Natural this type of tobacco is light in color and mild in taste.
Colorado – A tobacco that is Brownish- red shaded of color and is often used as a wrapper leaf of cigars. The Colorado tobacco is often aged to perfection and is highly sought after.
Corojo – Corojo is a type of tobacco used for making cigars generally grown in Honduras this type of tobacco gives cigars a very unique full bodied flavor.
Corona – Size of a cigar generally 5” x 42 in size. Most cigar companies have the corona size in their portfolio.
Culebra – Three different cigars that are braided together, and these cigars historically were giving to the employees for free at the factories because the cigars were damaged and could not be sold on the market this was the best way to identify the damaged cigars for inventory control.
Curing – Taking newly picked tobacco and drying it out.
Diademas – Usually a extra long cigar that has a appearance like a perfecto cigar this cigar has both ends tapered like a torpedo.
Dominican Republic – One of the most major exporters of cigar to the United State and the UK. This island is East of Cuban with Haiti next store.
Double Claro – This type of tobacco is green in color that has little aging process which is usually mild in taste.
Double Corona – Most always a bigger cigar in length and ring gauge this Double Corona has a measurement of 7.5” x 49 ring gauge most cigar companies have this size in their portfolio.
Draw - The tightness or looseness in the flow of smoke from the cigar when smoking the cigar.
English Market Selection – Basically meaning light in color and mild type of tobacco.
Entubar – The process of rolling a cigar in which the roller take the tobacco fillers and fold each leaf instead of rolling the fillers up like a scroll this is a method to get a better and smoother draw in a cigar.
Escaparates – Refrigerators at the factories that deep freeze the cigars so no tobacco beetle lava can produce.
Fermentation – A process of taking the tobacco from the fields and stacking them up in piles in a barn these piles of tobacco are set in place for a number of days and allowed to moisten and ferment. The temperatures can be very high around 130 F before the tobacco pile can be brokend down and re staked again until fermentation stops naturally on its own. The process of working the tobacco releases ammonia from the leaves in which the tobacco can be used for consumption.
Figurado – A term used for different kinds of weird shaped cigars like the perfecto, torpedo, pryramids, Diademas, and belisoco cigars. Filler – The tobacco used in the middle of the cigar these types of tobaccos can vary from ligero, corojo, Dominican, Nicaraguan, and other types of tobacco from different parts of the world, and also there is long filler meaning the leaves are whole and not chopped up. The short filler is tobacco that is left over and not used on premium cigars this type of short filler tobacco is mainly used on cheaper cigars and mass market cigars such a phillie blunts and the garbage that you would typical get in a gas station.
Finish – A term used by cigar smokers meaning the ending of the cigar and how it tasted.
Foot – The end of the cigar that you place in your mouth or in Monica Lewinsky.
Gran Corona – Size of the cigar generally 9.25” x 48 ring gauge, and most companies have these in their portfolio.
Gum – A glue that holds the end caps together on the cigar this type of glue is made from vegetable adhesive and is perfectly normal to use.
Habana – Most cigar smokers call Cuban Cigars “Havana’s” it‘s just a name giving to Cuban cigars.
Half-wheel – 50 or more cigars that are put in a bundle that is held together with a ribbon of some sort.
Hand – Tobacco leaves the are hung in the barn and tied at the very top. These tobacco leaves are after dried out are piled in a bulk to begin fermentation
Heco a Mano – Spanish Meaning for hand made.
Hand rolled – The cigar is hand rolled, no machines are used.
Head – Not the kind your girl friend gives but the head of the cigar, not the end you light.
Hot – Description of a cigar that gets hot at the very end of smoking, usually occurred in smaller cigars, or cheaply made.
Humidor – Looks like a jewelry box, but it is designed for your cigars to keep humidity in. You can use a humidor to age cigars, but the humidity level should be around 65% to 72% to get the perfect environment for the cigars.
Hygrometer – A digital or mechanical gauge that will sense the humidity level in a cigar room or humidor.
Ligero – The filler used for cigars , the more ligero the stronger the cigar will be. Also means light in Spanish.
Long Filler – The tobacco filler that runs throughout the cigar from top to bottom not like short filler that is chopped up and scooped off the ground to use in the cigar.
Lonsdale – A cigar size that is traditionally 6” – 6”.75 in length and 42 -45 in ring gauge.
Machine-made – Cheaply made cigars that are mostly found in Gas Stations across the country.
Maduro – A cigar that is dark in appearance. These cigars are usually stronger than most of the cigars on the shelf and should only be smoked by cigar veterans.
Oil – The shiny look of a cigar, a well properly stored cigar will have some evidence of oil traces that come from the tobacco.
Oscuro – Usually means the type of wrapper used on a cigar. The color will be dark in appearance and strong in flavor.
Panetela – A long cigar that is 6.5” – 7.5” in length and 30-35 in ring gauge.
Parejos – Type of style of a cigar.
Perfecto – Mostly a smaller sized cigar that is tapered on the end of the cigar where you light it, it usually has a bigger bulge in the middle of the cigar.
Plug – Not a good trait for a cigar it means that the cigar was rolled wrong and it is hard to draw and smoke.
Primings – The rows of tobacco leaves on a Tobacco plant. Mostly a typical tobacco plant will have 5 to 6 rows of leaves. The first priming is the close it to the ground while the higher priming’s will be the top of the plant.
Puro – A term used to describe the difference from a cigarette and a cigar. Now of days Puro means 100% use of tobacco from 1 country. Example: This cigar is made with all tobaccos that are from Dominican Republic.
Pyramid – Looks like a pointy weapon, but it’s a cigar.
Ring gauges -The diameter of a cigar, based on 64ths of an inch. All cigars are measured in ring gauges.
Robusto – One of the most popular cigar sizes that is traditionally 5” to 5.5” x 50 or 52 ring guage.
Rosado – Type of wrapper used for a cigar that has a reddish rose color in appearance.
Seco – Type of tobacco use in the filler of the cigar and is often a medium bodied in flavor.
Shade-grown – The tobacco plants that have been grown under a cloth tent, and while the filterd sunlight creates a more durable leaf that can be used for wrapping the cigar.
Short Filler – Used by many cigar factories this type of chopped up tobacco filler always ends up in the cheaper cigars. Not ideal for expensive cigars but perfectly fine for bundle cigars.
Smoking Time – The time frame of which a cigar is smoked some cigar smokers expect a minimum amount of smoking time when lighting a cigar also some cigars burn faster than others which in hence - smoking time.
Shoulder – Where the cap of the cigar meets the body of the cigar and is usually tapered in a small amount. You do not want to cut the cigar above the shoulder of the cigar.
Spanish Cedar – Type of wood that is found in South America and is used for cigar boxes, humidors and aging the cigars. Spanish cedar gives off a peppery sent to make your cigars taste even better. This wood is one of the best types of woods available to hold in humidity with out damage.
Sugar – Occurs in tobacco naturally, and with the darker tobacco like maduros have more sugar and making the cigar taste different.
Sun-grown – Sun Grown means the type of tobacco plant that is grown in direct sunlight which creates a more peppery taste and stronger leaf.
Tapado – The cloth tent were the tobacco is grown under which the meaning shade grown comes from.
Torcedores – Cigar roller or cigar maker.
Toro – The size of the cigar which is usually 6” x 50 ring gauge it’s a standard size.
Torpedo – A cigar size that looks like a torpedo, tapered on both ends of the cigar. Totalamente a Mano – Means “Made totally by hand” on found on premium cigar boxes usually on the bottom of the box.
Tubos – Cigar that are packed in glass tubes, metal tubes, and wood tubes that keep the cigars fresh.
Tunneling – Usually will occur when a cigar is poorly made the cigar will tunnel out of the middle when you are smoking it.
Vega – Vega means a plantation that processes tobacco.
Vein – Veins in the tobacco leaf are a normal occurrence but thick veins in the tobacco are not the preferred tobacco to be used.
Vintage – Means aged tobacco that was harvested in a particular year, not when the cigar was rolled.
Viso – A type of wrapper leaf that is grown under a cloth that has a glossy appearance.
Volado – Volado is a type of tobacco that is used for the tobacco filler in a cigar, it’s chosen for its unique burning qualities.
Wedge Cut –Type of cigar cutter that uses a v shaped cut in the end of the cigar.
Wrapper – Tobacco leaves that are used on the outside of the cigar when looking at a cigar this is the first tobacco you will see. The wrappers are the best tobacco leaves that are used In the cigar making process. There are all types of wrapper, such as shade grown, sun grown, maduro, Connecticut shade, Colorado shade, etc…